Saturday, March 05, 2022

CCNA Network Simulator Update recently updated CCNA Network Simulator to include additional labs. The following labs have been included in the lab sim after the revision (exercises on JSON):

1. IP address configuration of a router using JSON 
2. Setting bandwidth and clock rate of a router using JSON 
3. Enabling router interface using JSON 
4. Setting username,password and privilege level on a router using JSON 
5. Basic OSPF configuration using JSON 
6. Configuring Access Control List using JSON 

The network simulator provides hands on experience using virtual Cisco router/switch network for CCNA preparation. 160+ labs have been included in the CCNA netsim for thorough preparation, covering the current exam topics exhaustively. The virtual network sim also offers one to design one's own networking scenarios using graphical user interface (GUI). The custom network configuration can be exported and shared with others. 

The available CCNA labs may be see at About CCNA: CCNA short for Cisco Certified Network Associate, is among the most widely accepted vendor certifications. The topics covered by the exam are Network Fundamentals, Network Access, IP Connectivity, IP Services, Security Fundamentals, and Automation and Programmability. 

The topic Automation and Programmability has been added recently and some labs have been added under this topic for the first time, which probably not available in any other network simulator software available from other vendors.

Wednesday, December 29, 2021 CCNA Exam Cram Notes

The CCNA Cisco Certified Network Associate certification can be achieved by passing a single exam (200-301, 2020 exam objectives). The CCNA exam includes Network Fundamentals, Network Access, IP Connectivity, IP Services, Security Fundamentals, Automation, and Programmability. 

The topics covered in the CCNA exam cram include the following:

I. Network Fundamentals

1. Explain role and function of network components

1.1 TCP and UDP

1.2 TCP and UDP Frames

1.3 Next-generation firewalls and IPS

1.4 Access points

1.5 Endpoints

1.6 Routers,Switches and Servers

1.7 Controllers (Cisco DNA Center and WLC)

2. Network topologies and Flow control

2.1 Different Types of N/w Topologies

2.2 Ethernet and CSMA/CD

2.3 3 tier

2.4 2 tier

2.5 Spine-leaf

2.6 Small office/home office (SOHO)

3. Compare physical interface and cabling types

3.1. Single-mode fiber, multimode fiber,copper

3.2 Connections (Ethernet shared media and point-to-point)

3.3 Concepts of POE

4. IPv4 Addressing

4.1 Subnetting (IP4)

4.2 VLSM

4.3 Examples on subnetting

5. IPv6 addressing

6. Cloud computing

7. Describe wireless principles

7.1 Nonoverlapping Wi-Fi channels

7.2 SSID

7.3 RF

7.4 Encryption

II. Cisco IOS

1. Cisco Router Architecture

1.1 Block Diagram

1.2 Architectural Components of a Router

1.3 Memory Details of a Typical Cisco Router

2. Cisco Router (25xx series) and its interfaces

2.1 Interfaces Explained

2.2 Console Port Configuration

3. Router modes of operation

4. Frequently used copy commands

5. Different types of router passwords

III. Routing Technologies

1. Routed and Routing Protocol

2. Routing protocol types

3. Static and Default route

4. Floating static route

5. Distance vector and link-state routing protocols

6. Interior and Exterior routing protocols

7. OSPFv2 for IPv4

IV. LAN Switching Technologies

1. Introduction to Cisco Switches

2. Switching methods

3. File systems available in Catalyst switches and their usage

4. Switch configuration commands

5. VLANs and VTP

6. Spanning Tree Protocol

7. CDP and LLDP

8. EtherChannel Configuration

V. WAN Technologies

1. WAN Terms

2. PPP and MLPPP

3. PPPoE


5. MetroEthernet

6. DTE and DCE

7. Different cable types

8. Interface specifications

9. QoS

VI. Network Access

1. Wireless Architecture and AP modes

2. Physical infrastructure connections of WLAN components

3. Configure the components of a wireless LAN access for client connectivity using GUI

VII. IP connectivity and Services

1. DNS


3. NAT



6. NTP

7. Capabilities and function of TFTP/FTP in the network

8. SNMPv2 and SNMPv3

9. Show commands and other related commands

VIII. Security Fundamentals

1. Security Concepts

2. Describe Security Program elements

3. Security Password policies elements

4. Layer2 security features

5. IPv4 access-list

6. IPv6 access-list


8. AAA

9. RADIUS Server

10. TACACS+ Server

11. VPN

12. Wireless Security Protocols

IX. Automation and Programmability

1. SDN

2. Capability of configuration management mechanism

3. Interpret JSON encoded data

4. Characteristics of Rest-based APIs

5. Cisco DNA center

6. Diagnostic commands

X. Appendix

1. IEEE standards

2. OSI and DoD Models

3. RIPv1 and RIPv2

4. OSPFv3 for Ipv6

5. EIGRP for IPv4

6. EIGRP for IPv6

Monday, November 15, 2021

Learning and Assessment Software for eLearning

 Anand Software and Training, an innovative eLearning provider, released “Learning and Assessment Software  (LAAS)”  to help provide eLearning tools to students, institutes, and organizations.  The software is a complete solution for offering content and assessment exams online, be it an academic institute or an organization. The software consists of four modules as mentioned below:

      1. Author module
      2. Content module
      3. Exam module
      4. Reporting

The author module offers authors a means to create users, groups, exams, and content. The author may import or create a list of candidates and assign the select candidates to one or more groups. The groups may in turn be assigned one or more content/exam modules created by the author. Granular control of candidates, content, and exams is provided in the software. As may be seen in the figure above, it consists of  Author options, Exam Options, Group Options, Candidate Options, Content Options, and Import/Export. In a typical flow chart, the admin creates authors, and then the author(s) creates content, exams, and add groups (or classes) to one or more exams.  For complete features available with the authoring software, please check out the Author Engine home page.

Content module delivers content in various forms, including plain text, rich text, pdf, and multimedia. The content may be organized hierarchically. It is also possible to embed youtube videos in the content, without the need for reproducing or reformating the youtube videos. Also, Microsoft Office documents may be delivered with the content engine. For more information, please visit the Content Engine home page.

The exam module is responsible for delivering assessment tests to the candidates as chosen by the author. Questions may consist of simple text/html, pdf, exhibit-based, or multimedia. Several exam configuration options such as disabling some navigation buttons (for example, you don’t want the candidate to go back or provide a review) are provided.  As may be seen in the picture above, several features such as text resizing, full-screen view, night view, bookmarking, etc provided. For more information on exam engine features, please visit the exam engine home page.

The reporting module analyzes and provides the results in the format that is configured by the author. The overall pass, category wise or sub-category-wise scores may be displayed. It is possible to provide conditional pass criteria such as declaring an overall pass only if a candidate passes certain categories or sub-categories. The statistics are available on the server-side for further processing and analysis.

Note that the software is specifically designed for delivering content and assessments to students, and not a school management software that is widely available elsewhere. Rich features are built into the software for content creation, assessment, and reporting.  Download a free trial version of the software from the product home page, Learning and Assessment Software.

Disclaimer: Anand Software and Training Pvt. Ltd. is not associated with any other entity or organization. All rights reserved.

Copyright © 2002-2021 Anand Software and Training Private Limited.

Wednesday, October 13, 2021 CCNA Exam with Network Simulator Update CCNA (200-301) Exam Simulator With Network Simulator contains practice tests with 575+ questions along with network simulator. Network Simulator for CCNA™ provides advanced router/switch network simulator functionalities including VLANs, VTP, interVLAn communications, RIP v2, BGP, OSPF, and WAN protocol simulation.

Question types include MCQs, Simulations, Simlets, Drag n drop, and Hotspots as may be seen in the actual exam.

CCNA Network Simulator Features:

  • Lab exercises -currently 100+ labs are included with scenario type labs for NAT, OSPF, BGP, EIGRP, Access Lists, and others.
  • Router and switch IOS simulator. For beginners, a simple router/switch device simulator has been provided.
  • Simulate Cisco® IOS routers and Switches, supports  26XX, and 36XX routers, and 19XX, and 29XX switches.
  • 350+ router/switch commands are supported for thorough preparation.
  • Labs for switches including 19xx and 29xx switches included in the Lab Manual provided with the software.
  • Contextual help files that provide step by step instructions on using the simulator have been provided.
  • The demo version is limited to a fewer labs, and up to global configuration mode is supported in demo version.

Download the free demo version here:

Other products available include Juniper Netsim, Comptia A+ Labs, and CCNA tests.

Disclaimer: is neither associated nor affiliated with Juniper Systems® or any other company. Junos™ and JNCIA™ is trademarks of Juniper Systems® and duly acknowledged. The Simulator lab exercises material is a copyright of and the same is not approved or endorsed by respective certifying bodies.

Monday, February 22, 2021 CCNA Practice Tests with Network Simulator Revised CCNA practice tests with network simulator is useful for candidates preparing for recent CCNA certification 200-301 that was thoroughly revised. 

The Cisco Certified Network Associate v1.0 (CCNA 200-301) exam is a 120-minute exam and is the only exam required to obtain the CCNA certification. This exam tests a candidate's knowledge and skills related to networking and network access, IP connectivity and services, security fundamentals, and automation and programmability. The course, Implementing and Administering Cisco Solutions (CCNA), helps candidates prepare for this exam.

The topics include:

  • IP Connectivity
  • Network Fundamentals
  • Network Access
  • Network Security
  • Automation and Programmability
  • IP services
The Netsim consists of several labs for thorough preparation. Download CCNA Practice Tests that can be upgraded using program interface.

Other practice tests available from are CCNP, A+, and Juniper exams. Please checkout our website for more information.

Friday, December 18, 2020 CCNA Cert Cram Notes, a leading site for professional articles, offering CCNA cert exam cram for free. Cisco recently updated it's flagship certification course to 200-301, a thoroughly revised syllabus, emphasizing on WLAN, Cloud, and Security.

The cram notes consists of majority of topics, though a few are still incomplete as of this writing. Cisco CCNA consists of the following topics:

Network Fundamentals : 20%

Network Access : 20%

IP Connectivity : 25%

IP Services : 10%

Security Fundamentals : 15%

Automation and Programmability : 10%

As may be seen from the above domain objectives, Automation and Programmability is entirely new topic and candidates need to equip themselves with some programming skills, which was not the case with the older versions of CCNA. An introductory skill level is required in JASON and other scripting languages. SD networking is another new topic one needs to be familiarized for passing CCNA exam. 

About The website offers several articles on certifications, surface mount technology, software programming, and computer networking.

Tuesday, December 15, 2020 Releases CCNP ENCOR Practice Tests released CCNP Enterprise Networking Core (ENCOR) practice tests for candidates preparing for CCNP certification. The practice tests consist of 200+ questions with explanation for each question. The practice tests conform to the exam objectives, 

  • Dual stack (IPv4 and IPv6) architecture
  • Virtualization
  • Infrastructure
  • Network assurance
  • Security
  • Automation
Notable among the above topics is emphasis on Automation. Otherwise, almost all other topics had been covered in the previous Cisco CCNP exams. The Automation section consists of the following sub topics:

1 Interpret basic Python components and scripts
2 Construct valid JSON encoded file
3 Describe the high-level principles and benefits of a data modeling language, such as YANG
4 Describe APIs for Cisco DNA Center and vManage
5 Interpret REST API response codes and results in payload using Cisco DNA Center and RESTCONF
6 Construct EEM applet to automate configuration, troubleshooting, or data collection
7 Compare agent vs. agentless orchestration tools, such as Chef, Puppet, Ansible, and SaltStack

The CCNP ENCOR practice tests, offered by covers the topics in detail. The actual exam, code no. 350-401 is of 120 minutes duration and the exam may be scheduled by visiting VUE website.
The practice tests mimic the actual exam environment by providing multiple choice, drag drop, and scenario based questions in a timed environment. 
To obtain CCNP Enterprise certification, one needs to pass ENCOR exam and one of the speciality exams such as ENARSI exam. You may review the requirements by visiting the Cisco website: